Chronic Wound Causes And Treatment in Lubbock, Tx
Chronic wound usually occurs due to poor blood circulation, diabetes, or weak immune systems. They are slow to heal. They usually require specialized treatment and care.
It is a wound that hasn’t healed for more than eight weeks. These wounds don’t progress through the normal healing process. About 6.5 million patients in the United States have chronic type of wounds. Apart from the United States, a lot of people across the world have chronic wounds.
The chronic type of wounds can be infected by bacteria such as staphylococcus and pseudomonas. When a chronic wound gets infected, it can lead to severe complications. Chronic wounds can negatively impact your quality of life. If untreated, chronic wounds can lead to amputation of the affected limb or even death.
Ulcers such as diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, and venous ulcers are the most common chronic. Other chronic wounds include wounds related to metabolic disease, non-healing surgical wounds, severe burns, and wounds that repeatedly break down.
Causes of Chronic Wounds
There are many different causes of chronic wounds. These include:
1. Nutritional deficiency
A lack of adequate nutrients and vitamins in your body can lead to chronic wounds. Nutrients and vitamins are essential for the routine healing of tissues in the body. Vitamin A, B-vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, and calcium are some vitamins and nutrients your body needs. If these nutrients and vitamins are lacking in your body, it could lead to chronic wound when you get injured or suffers a medical condition.
Diabetes is a disease that can affect blood circulation and damage the nerves that carry pain signals. When these nerves are damaged, your body won’t recognize that a wound has occurred. Since your body doesn’t remember an injury, the healing process won’t happen.
Bacteria infection and other kinds of infection can delay the healing process of a wound, leading to a chronic wound.
4. Poor circulation of red blood cells
The red blood cells are in charge of replacing dead cells with new cells. When you have a wound, the dead cells are placed with new cells by the red blood cells, which cause the wound to heal.
Poor circulation of red blood cells makes the red blood cells move very slowly, thereby delaying or slowing down the healing process of the wound.
5. Certain types of medications
Certain medications could slow or hinder the healing process of a wound. Having chemotherapy and radiation therapy could negatively impact your immune system and hinder the healing process of your wound. Certain types of anti-inflammatory drugs could slow or hinder the inflammatory stage needed by your body to heal. Intake of certain antibiotics could kill good bacteria in your body, thereby affecting wound healing.
6. Excessive alcohol intake
When you drink alcohol excessively, the amount of important white blood cells that fight against bacteria in your body is significantly reduced. The healing process of a wound will be reduced, and your risk of getting infected will increase.
7. Cigarette smoking
Cigarettes contain nicotine. Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor that deflates blood flow to the skin. This can hinder the healing process of injured tissues and also lead to tissue ischemia
8. Bed sores
Pressure will be exerted on a particular part of your body when you lie in a particular position for a prolonged period. The pressure can cause bed sores and reduce the wound’s healing process. People suffering from stroke or in a coma are more prone to this.
9. Peripheral artery disease
Narrowing the arteries that transmit blood flow to the limbs reduces blood flow to your leg. This causes a lack of white blood cells and red blood cells that helps in the healing of wounds.
Symptoms of Chronic Wounds
Symptoms of chronic wound
Symptoms of chronic wound include:
- Increased pain
- Wound that is not healing or doesn’t progress through the normal healing process.
- Redness around the wound
- Swelling around the wound
- Warmth around the wound
- Pus and fluids exude from the wound.
- Bad smell or odor from the wound
- Dead tissues covering the surface of the wound
Treatment and Management of Chronic Wound in Lubbock, Tx
If a chronic wound is caused by an underlying condition, treating the underlying condition can help facilitate the healing of the wound.
Treatment and management of chronic wounds in Lubbock, TX follow particular steps.
Step 1: Cleaning the wound
A chronic wound should first be properly cleaned with saline water before any medication is applied to the wound. Dirt, pus, and exudates should be cleaned off the wound.
Step 2: Debridement
Before any medication is applied to the wound, the top dead tissues on the wound’s surface should be removed. Depending on your condition, debridement can be done in various ways. Most medical professionals prefer to perform debridement using mechanical or sharp (conservative or surgical) methods.
After debridement, running water is used to clean the wound’s surface. An enzyme-based gel may also be applied.
Step 3: Apply medications to the wound
After debridement, antibiotic ointment and certain medications may be applied to the wound to aid healing and prevent infection.
Step 4: Dressing the wound
Wound dressings cover up a wound from infection and extract excess fluid from the wound to facilitate healing. After necessary medications and antibiotic ointment have been applied to the wound, the wound will be properly dressed. A dressing may be changed when it is soaked with fluids or if the fluids are leaking out.
Other treatment options for chronic wounds include:
1. Compression stockings or bandages
Compression stockings or bandages help improve circulation and heal the wound faster. They exert pressure on your leg to help the veins transfer blood back to your heart.
You may be given oral antibiotics to prevent the wound from getting infected. Antibiotics also help the wound heal faster.
3. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy involves placing you in an oxygen chamber to breathe in 100% pure oxygen. This therapy grows the amount of oxygen in your blood to help tissues heal faster. By saturating your blood with oxygen, your wound heals much faster.
This therapy facilitates the healing of chronic wounds: The wound will be covered with an airtight dressing connected to a pump. The pump sucks fluid out of the wound and also creates negative pressure across the wound.
5. Skin grafts
A skin graft involves harvesting healthy skin from another part of your body and then using it to cover up the wound. Skin grafts are usually needed for very large wounds or wounds that cannot close up independently. Synthetic skin may also be used.
Southwest Wound Care: Best Clinic for Chronic Wound Treatment in Lubbock, Tx
A chronic wound is a serious condition that requires professional care. This is why we provide comprehensive treatment and professional care for patients with chronic wounds at Southwest Wound Care.
Southwest Wound Care is revolutionary in treating and caring for patients with chronic wounds. We judiciously follow up on our patients and provide them with the medical attention they need to ensure a speedy recovery.
We are the best clinic for Chronic Wound Treatment in Lubbock, Tx, where you can get state-of-the-art treatment for that chronic wound affecting your quality of life. We have a team of medical professionals that work in unison to ensure that every patient gets the best treatment and care. If you have a chronic wound, we encourage you to book an appointment with us today or contact us to get started with your treatment.